Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. It is bordered by the United States of America both to the south and to the west (Alaska). By area, Canada is the second largest country in the world. Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. Ottawa is the capital of Canada.

Canada is the second largest country in the world in land area, after Russia. It has the longest border with water (coastline) of any country in the world. It is next to the Pacific, Arctic, and Atlantic Oceans.

It is made up of ten provinces and three territories, and has six time zones. It extends from the west coast, across the prairies and central Canada, to the Atlantic provinces. In the north there are three territories, stretching between Alaska and Greenland. Four of the five Great Lakes (Superior, Huron, Erie, and Ontario) are shared between Canada and the United States (Lake Michigan is in the USA), and they make up 16% of the Earth's fresh water.

By Ana Herrera, Paula Mendaro, Cristina Díaz and Lucía San Miguel.


Canada has several national symbols: works, hymns, events, institutions, activities and people that have special meaning for the nation.

The national Canada Day is July 1. It is also known as "Dominion Day" and commemorates the formation of the union of British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada.

The Canadian symbols are:

The national flag of Canada is a rectangle, twice as long as wide, red and white, the official colors of Canada, appointed by King George V in 1921. It has two red bars at the ends and in the middle a white box with a stylized red maple leaf of 11 points.

The shield
The coat of arms of Canada was officially proclaimed on November 21, 1921, by King George V. The current design was adopted in 1994 and 1921 differs from the original by including the ribbon with the motto of the Order of Canada.
The National anthem
The national song is titled "O Canada" and was proclaimed the national anthem of Canada on July 1, 1980, 100 years after it was first sung on June 24, 1880, during the national congress of the French-Canadian (Congrès national des Canadiens-Français), at the same time they also celebrated the Day of San Juan Bautista.

Maple Leaf
Maple Leaf is one of the most important and famous national symbols. It is present in the national flag and the collective imagery is an accurate representation of the nation.

The Beaver
The March 24, 1975, the beaver, the largest rodent in Canada, was proclaimed a symbol of Canadian sovereignty and surrender tribute to trade in beaver pelts that flourished in the late 1600s and contributed greatly to strengthening Canada and US colony of France, first in England and then.